Yes, the trend is in! Organic gardening is doing a lot of rounds in people’s mind these days. I am sure so are you planning; do you want to create your organic garden? Why not? There are many advantages associated with home gardening, and if the garden is organic, it is more like cherry-on-the-cake!
You can enjoy eating fresh and organic fruits, vegetable and herbs. Understanding the complete process of having an organic garden is important. Therefore, let me present to you a few tips, which I considered to create my organic garden at home:
Basic Requirements of Plants
Every plant has different requirements for water, sunlight, and type of soil. Some plants grow in the hot and sunny environment while others in the cool environment. Gain the information on kind of environment a plant grows in.
- Sun: Many fruits and vegetable bearing plants require direct sunlight. Want to set your garden in the shady area? Research the kind of plants grows in the shady area.
- Water: The source of water must be near to the garden.
- Nutrients: Plants require nutrients for healthy and strong growth. Plants require nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. If the soil does not contain enough nutrients, you need to add them manually.
- Soil: Plants require soil to grow. Soil hold required water and nutrients required for growth. Some plants are grown in water without soil. Therefore, you need to understand the difference between aquaponics and hydroponics. If you want to find out the answer, you can read more: Aquaponics vs. Hydroponics at my blog.
Hydroponic system plants are kept in nutrient rich water. Plants absorb these nutrients. In Aquaponic system there are two components – hydroponic bed and aquarium. The excreta of fish are used for the growth of the plant.
- You must test your garden soil for PH, contaminants, and nutrients.
- To make your soil ideal, supplement it with organic compost.
- Buy potting mixes to grow the plants in containers.
Perfect Location to Set Up the Garden
- You must figure out the space and location for your garden.
- Plants can be grown inside the house also. They improve the quality of the air as well as reduce stress.
- Select a location that has all the growing conditions like light, nutrients, water, and soil.
- Grow plants by using small garden space directly in the soil or build raised beds.
- For smaller spaces, containers are the great source to plant seeds.
Climatic Condition of the Place where You Wish to Set Up the Garden
- The right climatic conditions are very important for the growth of plants.
- Gather information on plant hardiness zones. It will make you aware of the climatic condition required by the plant.
- It is useful for planting perennial plants like trees and shrubs.
- Plants thrive in either colder, hot or moisture conditions.
- You are also required to know that for how much duration a season lasts for.
- Many fruits and vegetables grow for a single year.
- Want to grow watermelon in your garden? Find the variety of melon that grows to the length of growing season. So, plant watermelon before starting of the season. It is required to let them grow and mature.
The Right Plant to Grow in your Garden
- Do some research that which vegetable, fruits, and herbs grows best
- Pick the plants that you are fond of.
- Grow your favorite food that you love to eat like pepper, oregano or rosemary.
- Pick ornamental plants if you want to make your garden beautiful.
- Herbs can be grown inside the house or outside the house. You can grow basil or pepper.
- Grow plants that complement each other like potato and corn.
What to Purchase? Organic Seeds or Plantlets
- Fruits and vegetables plants are easy to grow from organic seeds.
- Buy plantlets, when plants are difficult to grow from seeds.
- If the growing season is short, then pick the plantlets.
- Well, seeds can be planted in rows or geometric patterns.
- Put seeds in the soil, cover with soil and pour some water.
- Dig a hole in the soil. Put plantlet inside the soil. Cover with soil and give water.
Plant Less and Make your Garden Productive
- Start to put small plants in the beginning and expand in each season.
- City dwellers can create a rooftop or balcony garden. They can put plants in pots or raised beds.
Technique of How and When to Water Plants
- Hot and dry air absorbs the moisture from soil and plants. The plants growing in hot and dry location require frequent watering.
- Put your finger in the soil. The soil must be moist 2-3 inches below the surface. It is the easy test to see if plants have enough water to grow.
- In normal condition, water your plants twice in a week.
- Don’t dump much water in the plants.
Essential Tools for Gardening
- Putting plants in containers require potting soil, watering can, and small trowel.
- For raised beds shovel, hue, digging fork, trowel, and watering can is required.
- A Larger garden requires rototiller for preparing the soil to plant seeds.
- Use natural products for treating weeds, pests, diseases and other issues.
- You can make your organic soil by recycling food waste.
Yes, I did consider these factors in details before I decided to develop a home, organic garden. And, there I have a beautiful organic garden in my house. I hope that these tips will also help you to create your organic garden.